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Compact and broad-band millimeter-wave monolithic transformer balanced mixers

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4 Author(s)
Pei-Si Wu ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan ; Chi-Hsueh Wang ; Tian-Wei Huang ; Huei Wang

Three broad-band miniature monolithic transformer singly balanced diode mixers for operation in the microwave and millimeter-wave bands are reported in this paper. The coupled-line equivalent models are used to synthesize the initial design of these transformers up to 50 GHz. The first one is a broad-band spiral transformer mixer, and the second one is a 21-GHz Marchand-type transformer mixer. These two mixers with chip sizes around 0.29 mm2 exhibit bandwidths of 105% and 54.5%, respectively. We also propose a 30-GHz single-coiled transformer mixer, which has comparable performance with the first two mixers and reduced chip size. The single-coiled transformer mixer achieves a bandwidth of 100% with the chip size smaller than 0.25mm2. In order to save chip area, all these transformers provide broad-band matching to the diodes directly. To the authors' knowledge, these mixers achieve the widest bandwidths with the smallest chip sizes among all passive balanced mixers using monolithic-microwave integrated-circuit processes in dc-40-GHz frequency range.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 10 )