By Topic

DTI segmentation using an information theoretic tensor dissimilarity measure

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Zhizhou Wang ; Siemens Corp. Res. Inc., Princeton, NJ, USA ; Vemuri, B.C.

In recent years, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has become a popular in vivo diagnostic imaging technique in Radiological sciences. In order for this imaging technique to be more effective, proper image analysis techniques suited for analyzing these high dimensional data need to be developed. In this paper, we present a novel definition of tensor "distance" grounded in concepts from information theory and incorporate it in the segmentation of DTI. In a DTI, the symmetric positive definite (SPD) diffusion tensor at each voxel can be interpreted as the covariance matrix of a local Gaussian distribution. Thus, a natural measure of dissimilarity between SPD tensors would be the Kullback-Leibler (KL) divergence or its relative. We propose the square root of the J-divergence (symmetrized KL) between two Gaussian distributions corresponding to the diffusion tensors being compared and this leads to a novel closed form expression for the "distance" as well as the mean value of a DTI. Unlike the traditional Frobenius norm-based tensor distance, our "distance" is affine invariant, a desirable property in segmentation and many other applications. We then incorporate this new tensor "distance" in a region based active contour model for DTI segmentation. Synthetic and real data experiments are shown to depict the performance of the proposed model.

Published in:

Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 10 )