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Modeling temporal evolution of junco marshes radar signatures

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7 Author(s)
Grings, F. ; Inst. de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, Ciudad Univ., Buenos Aires, Argentina ; Ferrazzoli, P. ; Karszenbaum, H. ; Tiffenberg, J.
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In this work, multitemporal synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data in conjunction with an electromagnetic (EM) model and a vegetation growth model were used to monitor and explain burn-regrowth events of junco vegetation in a wetland environment. The data used were from Radarsat-1, ENVISAT Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR), and European Remote Sensing 2 (ERS-2) temporal series. The EM model is based on radiative transfer theory and describes junco vegetation as a set of vertical dielectric cylinders on a flat flooded surface. It was used, together with the vegetation growth model, to predict the temporal evolution of the radar response during a burn-regrowth event. This simulation was compared with the ERS-2 vertical (VV) data. It was observed a "bell-shaped" temporal trend that was confirmed by the simulated data with a mean error of 2.5 dB. Additionally, in view of current and future ENVISAT ASAR Alternating Polarization Mode Precision data, the horizontal (HH) SAR temporal response was also simulated giving as a result strong differences between simulated HH and VV temporal trends. These differences are in good agreement with the ones observed between Radarsat-1 HH and ERS-2 VV SAR data acquired at close dates and also with the same differences observed between HH and VV ENVISAT ASAR data. Electromagnetic modeling results provide a sound theoretical interpretation of these observations.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:43 ,  Issue: 10 )