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A fingerprint pointing device utilizing the deformation of the fingertip during the incipient slip

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4 Author(s)
Kurita, Y. ; Graduate Sch. of Eng., Hiroshima Univ., Japan ; Ikeda, A. ; Ueda, J. ; Ogasawara, T.

In this paper, a novel pointing device is proposed that utilizes the deformation of the fingertip. When a fingertip is pressed and slightly slid on a rigid plate, a partial slip, called an "incipient slip", occurs on the contact surface. While the deformation around the center of the contact area is small during the incipient slip, the boundary region moves to the sliding direction of the fingertip. The deformation changes depending on the sliding distance of the fingertip and the exerted force on the contact surface. The velocity of the pointer can be determined by the estimated distance and force based on the measurement of the deformation. In this study, the correlation between the sliding distance of the fingertip and the deformation and between the exerted force and the deformation are investigated. The degree of the deformation due to the sliding motion can be estimated based on the detected fingerprint center. The group delay spectrum tracking method is proposed for the detection of the fingerprint center. A prototype pointing device is developed to evaluate the operationality of the proposed device. Comparative experiments with conventional pointing devices are conducted. The validity of the proposed device is confirmed by the experiments.

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Robotics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 5 )