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Quantifying the power loss when transmit beamforming relies on finite-rate feedback

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3 Author(s)
Shengli Zhou ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA ; Zhengdao Wang ; Giannakis, G.B.

Transmit beamforming achieves optimal performance in systems with multiple transmit antennas and a single receive antenna from both the capacity and the received signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) perspectives but ideally requires perfect channel knowledge at the transmitter. In practical systems where the feedback link can only convey a finite number of bits, transmit beamformer designs have been extensively investigated using either the outage probability or the average SNR as the figure of merit. In this paper, we study the symbol error rate (SER) for transmit beamforming with finite-rate feedback in a multi-input single-output setting. We derive an SER lower bound that is tight for good beamformer designs. Comparing this bound with the SER corresponding to the ideal case, we quantify the power loss due to the finite-rate constraint across the entire SNR range.

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Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 4 )