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A factor graph approach to iterative channel estimation and LDPC decoding over fading channels

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4 Author(s)
Huaning Niu ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA ; Manyuan Shen ; Ritcey, J.A. ; Hui Liu

This letter provides a comparative study of joint channel estimation and low-density parity-check decoding algorithms for flat Rayleigh fading channels based on the receiver factor graphs. Two approaches for joint channel estimation and decoding are proposed. Intensive simulation studies are carried out to evaluate the receiver sensitivity to the choice of the factor graph. Results show that when channel statistical information is not available at the receiver, a low-pass filtering approach gives a more robust and simpler solution, and it is only 0.5 dB worse than the optimum Wiener filtering. All methods have about 2 dB improvements over the noniterative receivers.

Published in:

Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

July 2005

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