Skip to Main Content
This paper presents the first reported data on the embedding of highly dielectric ceramic inclusions in a rubbery host medium as a means to increase the electromechanical material response for dielectric elastomer actuation. The studied polymer/ceramic composite, consisting of a silicone matrix in which titanium dioxide powder was dispersed, exhibited, in comparison with pure silicone, a decreased elastic modulus, as well as an increased dielectric constant. The measured low frequency permittivity resulted in accordance with several classical dielectric mixing rules. The use of this material as elastomeric dielectric for planar actuators enabled a reduction of the driving electric fields, so that a transverse strain of 11% at 10 V/μm and a transverse stress of 16.5 kPa at 9 V/μm were obtained. These levels of strain and stress were respectively more than eight and four times higher than the corresponding values generated with the pure polymer matrix for analogous electrical stimuli.
Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:12 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: Aug. 2005