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Efficient coherent adaptive representations of monitored electric signals in power systems using damped sinusoids

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4 Author(s)
Lovisolo, L. ; Univ. Fed. do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ; da Silva, E.A.B. ; Rodrigues, M.A.M. ; Diniz, P.S.R.

This paper presents coherent representations of electric power systems signals. These representations are obtained by employing adaptive signal decompositions. They provide a tool to identify structures composing a signal and constitute an approach to represent a signal from its identified components. We use the matching pursuits algorithm, which is a greedy adaptive decomposition, that has the potential of decomposing a signal into coherent components. The dictionary employed is composed of damped sinusoids in order to obtain signal components closely related to power systems phenomena. In addition, we present an effective method to suppress the pre-echo and post-echo artifacts that often appear when using the matching pursuits. However, the use of a dictionary of damped sinusoids alone does not ensure that the decomposition will be meaningful in physical terms. To overcome this constraint, we develop a technique leading to efficient coherent damped-sinusoidal decompositions that are closely related to the physical phenomena being observed. The effectiveness of the proposed method for compression of synthetic and natural signals is tested, obtaining high compression ratios along with high signal-to-noise ratio.

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 10 )