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This paper presents the development of a four-quadrant switched reluctance machine (SRM) drive for high dynamic applications. Comprehensive fundamentals and analysis for operating switched reluctance machines in four quadrants are presented. The drive is designed based on a high dynamic control strategy called Direct Instantaneous Torque Control (DITC). The functionality of DITC is discussed in detail for both motoring and generating operation. A methodology to generate switching functions directly by the hysteresis torque controllers for SRMs is proposed. The proposed controller was prototyped and tested on a digital signal processor/field-programmable gate array development platform. High dynamic operation in both motoring and generating mode and the transition between these modes are validated by experimental results presented at the end of this paper.