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We describe the calculation of eddy currents in a two-layer conducting rod of finite length excited by a coaxial circular coil carrying an alternating current. The calculation uses the truncated region eigenfunction expansion (TREE) method. By truncating the solution region to a finite length in the axial direction, we can express the magnetic vector potential as a series expansion of orthogonal eigenfunctions instead of as a Fourier integral. The restricted domain can be arbitrarily large to yield results that are as close to the infinite domain results as desired. Integral form solutions for an infinite rod are well known and relatively simple. For a finite length cylindrical conductor, however, additional boundary conditions must be satisfied at the ends. We do this by comparing series expansions term by term to match the solutions across the end of the cylinder. We derive closed-form expressions for the electromagnetic field in the presence of a finite two-layer rod. A special case of the solution is that for a conductive tube. We illustrate the end effect by calculating the coil impedance variation with respect to the axial location of the coil. The results are in very good agreement with those obtained by using a two-dimensional finite-element code.
Date of Publication: Sept. 2005