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Formation of Pb/63Sn solder bumps using a solder droplet jetting method

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3 Author(s)
Ho-Young Son ; Korea Adv. Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Daejeon, South Korea ; Nah, Jae-Woong ; Kyung-Wook Paik

Formation processes of Pb/63Sn solder droplets using a solder droplet jetting have not been sufficiently reported. Solving problems such as satellite droplets and position errors are very important for a uniform bump size and reliable flip-chip solder bump formation process. First, this paper presents the optimization of jet conditions of Pb/63Sn solder droplets and the formation process of Pb/63Sn solder bumps using a solder droplet jetting method. Second, interfacial reactions and mechanical strength of jetted Pb/63Sn solder bumps and electroless Ni-P/Au UBM joints have been investigated. Interfacial reactions have been investigated after the second solder reflow and aging, and results were compared with those of solder bumps formed by a solder screen-printing method. Third, jetted solder bumps with variable bump sizes have been demonstrated by a multiple jetting method and the control of waveform induced to a jet nozzle. Multiple droplets jetting method can control various height and size of solder bumps. Finally, real applications of jetted Pb/63Sn solder bumps have been successfully demonstrated on conventional DRAM chips and integrated passive devices (IPDs).

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Electronics Packaging Manufacturing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 3 )