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In this paper, the estimation of parameters based on a progressively Type-II censored sample from a modified Weibull distribution is studied. The likelihood equations, and the maximum likelihood estimators are derived. The estimators based on a least-squares fit of a multiple linear regression on a Weibull probability paper plot are compared with the MLE via Monte Carlo simulations. The observed Fisher information matrix, as well as the asymptotic variance-covariance matrix of the MLE are derived. Approximate confidence intervals for the parameters are constructed based on the s-normal approximation to the asymptotic distribution of MLE, and log-transformed MLE. The coverage probabilities of the individual s-normal-approximation confidence intervals for the parameters are examined numerically. Some recommendations are made from the results of a Monte Carlo simulation study, and a numerical example is presented to illustrate all of the methods of inference developed here.