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Interleaved thinned linear arrays

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1 Author(s)
R. L. Haupt ; Appl. Res. Lab., Pennsylvania State Univ., State College, PA, USA

This paper presents three approaches to improving the efficiency of an array aperture by interleaving two arrays in the same aperture area. The interleaved arrays have aperiodic spacings that are integer multiples of a set minimum spacing and are optimized to reduce the maximum sidelobe level. Fully and partially interleaved sum arrays operating at the same frequencies are demonstrated as well as interleaved sum and difference arrays for a monopulse system. A genetic algorithm is used to optimize arrays of isotropic point sources as well as arrays of dipoles modeled using the method of moments. Narrow beamwidths are possible while avoiding high sidelobes. The available aperture area is efficiently used.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 9 )