By Topic

Distribution system grounding fundamentals

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
Thomas, E.S. ; Utility Electr. Consultants, Raleigh, NC, USA ; Dagenhart, J.B. ; Barber, R.A. ; Clapp, Allen L.

This article is an overview of the various relationships between neutral currents, ground currents, electrode impedances, and voltage potentials that are encountered in the operation of multi-grounded wye distribution systems. This system continuation is the most commonly used configuration among U.S. domestic utilities. Voltages range from 4.16/2.4 kV to 34.5/19.9 kV. The most common system voltages are 15- and 25-kV class systems with nominal operating voltages on rural systems generally being 12.47/7.2 kV and 24.9/14.4 kV. The article aims to review the relationships that might be encountered due to system grounding and provide an overview of common installations and their relative effectiveness.

Published in:

Industry Applications Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 5 )