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Fast-convergence blind separation of more than two sources combining ICA and beamforming

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3 Author(s)
Nishikawa, T. ; Nara Inst. of Sci. & Technol., Japan ; Saruwatari, H. ; Shikano, K.

Summary form only given. We propose a new blind source separation (BSS) algorithm for multiple source signals. Independent component analysis (ICA) and beamforming are combined to resolve the slow-convergence problem through optimization in ICA. The proposed method consists of the following three parts: (a) frequency-domain ICA with direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation using a Lloyd clustering algorithm; (b) null beamforming based on the estimated DOA; (c) integration of (a) and (b) based on the algorithm diversity in both iteration and frequency domain. The separation matrix obtained by ICA is temporally substituted by the matrix based on null beamforming through iterative optimization, and the temporal alternation between ICA and beamforming can realize fast- and high-convergence optimization. Experimental results reveal that the source-separation performance of the proposed algorithm is superior to that of the conventional ICA-based BSS method, even under reverberant conditions.

Published in:

Nonlinear Signal and Image Processing, 2005. NSIP 2005. Abstracts. IEEE-Eurasip

Date of Conference:

18-20 May 2005