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Moisture-induced failures of adhesive flip chip interconnects

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7 Author(s)
Teh, L.K. ; Sch. of Mater. Eng., Nanyang Technol. Univ., Singapore ; Teo, M. ; Anto, E. ; Wong, C.C.
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Adhesive flip chip interconnect has been recognized as a promising substitute for solder interconnection due to its fine-pitch, lead-free, and low-temperature processing capabilities. As adhesives are made of polymers, moisture absorption by the polymeric resin remains as one of the principal contributors to adhesive joint failure mechanisms. In this research, the reliability performance of the adhesive flip chip in the pressure cooker test and moisture sensitivity test conditions was investigated. The failure modes were found to be interfacial delamination and bump/pad opening which may eventually lead to total loss of electrical contact. Different sizes of bump/pad opening in the interconnections were discussed in the context of the significance of mismatch in coefficient of moisture expansion (CME) between adhesive and other components in the package, which induces a hygroscopic swelling stress. The effect of moisture diffusion in the package and the CME mismatch were also evaluated from the standpoint of finite element modeling. In this study, it is concluded that hygroscopic swelling assisted by loss of adhesion strength upon moisture absorption is responsible for the moisture-induced failures in these adhesive flip chip interconnects.

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Components and Packaging Technologies, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 3 )