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Theoretical and experimental Raman spectroscopy study of mechanical stress induced by electronic packaging

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2 Author(s)
Jian Chen ; IMEC, Leuven, Belgium ; De Wolf, I.

The mechanical stress induced in Si chips by the packaging process (effect of die attach, flip chip bumping, etc.) is measured by micro-Raman spectroscopy. The measurements are performed on the [110] cross-section surface of the polished samples. This study shows that the current Raman formula for top-surface measurements cannot be used for cross-section measurements due to the anisotropic property of Si. The new formula for cross-section measurements is introduced in this paper. The experimental results are compared to finite element simulations. The Raman results correlate very well with the FE calculations. It shows that micro-Raman spectroscopy is a very interesting technique to study packaging induced stress in Si chips and to validate finite element calculations.

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Components and Packaging Technologies, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 3 )