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Contact stability for two-fingered grasps

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1 Author(s)
Montana, D.J. ; Bolt Beranek & Newman Inc., Cambridge, MA, USA

Two types of grasp stability, spatial grasp stability and contact grasp stability, each with a different concept of the state of a grasp, are distinguished and characterized. Examples are presented to show that spatial stability cannot capture certain intuitive concepts of grasp stability and hence that any full understanding of grasp stability must include contact stability. A model of how the positions of the points of contact evolve in time on the surface of a grasped object in the absence of any external force or active feedback is then derived. From the model, a general measure of the contact stability of any two-fingered grasp is obtained. Finally, the consequences of this stability measure and a related measure of contact manipulability on strategies for grasp selection are discussed

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Robotics and Automation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 4 )