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A wideband heterodyne optical phase-locked loop for generation of 3-18 GHz microwave carriers

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7 Author(s)
Gliese, U. ; Center for Broadband Telecommun., Tech. Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark ; Nielsen, T.N. ; Bruun, M. ; Lintz Christensen, E.
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Experimental results of a wideband heterodyne second-order optical phase-locked loop with 1.5- mu m semiconductor lasers are presented. The loop has a bandwidth of 180 MHz, a gain of 181 dBHz, and a propagation delay of only 400 ps. A beat signal of 8 MHz linewidth is phase locked to become a replica of a microwave reference source close to carrier with a noise level of -125 dBc/Hz. The total phase variance of the locked carrier is 0.04 rad/sup 2/ and carriers can be generated in a continuous range from 3 to 18 GHz. The loop reliability is excellent with an average time to cycle slip of 10/sup 11/ s and an acquisition range of 640 MHz.<>

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Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 8 )