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Optimization techniques for FPGA-based wave-pipelined DSP blocks

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2 Author(s)
Lakshminarayanan, G. ; Sasken Commun. Technol. Ltd., Bangalore, India ; Venkataramani, B.

In this paper, techniques for efficient implementation of field-programmable gate-array (FPGA)-based wave-pipelined (WP) multipliers, accumulators, and filters are presented. A comparison of the performance of WP and pipelined systems has been made. Major contributions of this paper are development of an on-chip clock generation scheme which permits finer tuning of the frequency, a synthesis technique that reduces the area and latency by 25%, a placement utility that results in 10%-40% increase in speed and proposal of an interleaving scheme for filters that reduces the number of multipliers required by 50%. WP multipliers of size 2 /spl times/ 6 and the filters using them are found to be 11% faster and require lower power than those using pipelined multipliers. Filters with higher order WP multipliers also operate with lower power at the cost of speed. The delay-register products of such filters are found to be about 60% lower than those using the pipelined multipliers. The paper also outlines applications of these techniques for the Spartan II FPGAs and a self-tuning scheme for optimizing the speed.

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Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 7 )