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Controlling the mobility of multiple data transport ferries in a delay-tolerant network

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3 Author(s)
Zhao, W. ; Coll. of Comput., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA ; Ammar, M. ; Zegura, E.

As technology rapidly progresses, more devices will combine both communication and mobility capabilities. With mobility in devices, we envision a new class of proactive networks that are able to adapt themselves, via physical movement, to meet the needs of applications. To fully realize these opportunities, effective control of device mobility and the interaction between devices is needed. In this paper, we consider the message ferrying (MF) scheme which exploits controlled mobility to transport data in delay-tolerant networks, where end-to-end paths may not exist between nodes. In the MF scheme, a set of special mobile nodes called message ferries are responsible for carrying data for nodes in the network. We study the use of multiple ferries in such networks, which may be necessary to address performance and robustness concerns. We focus on the design of ferry routes. With the possibilities of interaction between ferries, the route design problem is challenging. We present algorithms to calculate routes such that the traffic demand is met and the data delivery delay is minimized. We evaluate these algorithms under a variety of network conditions via simulations. Our goal is to guide the design of MF systems and understand the tradeoff between the incurred cost of multiple ferries and the improved performance. We show that the performance scales well with the number of ferries in terms of throughput, delay and resource requirements in both ferries and nodes.

Published in:

INFOCOM 2005. 24th Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies. Proceedings IEEE  (Volume:2 )

Date of Conference:

13-17 March 2005