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Performance comparison of scalable location services for geographic ad hoc routing

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3 Author(s)
Das, S.M. ; Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN, USA ; Pucha, H. ; Hu, Y.C.

Geographic routing protocols allow stateless routing in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) by taking advantage of the location information of mobile nodes and thus are highly scalable. A central challenge in geographic routing protocols is the design of scalable distributed location services that track mobile node locations. A number of location services have been proposed, but little is known about the relative performance of these location services. In this paper, we perform a detailed performance comparison of three rendezvous-based location services that cover a range of design choices: a quorum-based protocol (XYLS) which disseminates each node's location to O(√N) nodes, a hierarchical protocol (GLS) which disseminates each node's location to O(logN) nodes, and a geographic hashing based protocol (GHLS) which disseminates each node's location to O(1) nodes. We present a quantitative model of protocol overheads for predicting the performance tradeoffs of the protocols for static networks. We then analyze the performance impact of mobility on these location services. Finally, we compare the performance of routing protocols equipped with the three location services with two topology-based routing protocols, AODV and DSR, for a wide range of network sizes. Our study demonstrates that when practical MANET sizes are considered, robustness to mobility and the constant factors matter more than the asymptotic costs of location service protocols. In particular, while GLS scales better asymptotically, GHLS is far simpler, transmits fewer control packets, and delivers more data packets than GLS when used with geographic routing in MANETs of sizes considered practical today and in the near future. Similarly, although XYLS scales worse asymptotically than GLS, it transmits fewer control packets and delivers more data packets than GLS in large mobile networks.

Published in:

INFOCOM 2005. 24th Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies. Proceedings IEEE  (Volume:2 )

Date of Conference:

13-17 March 2005