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This paper deals with the problem of two-dimensional (2-D) adaptive array beamforming with multiple beam constraints (MBC) using a generalized sidelobe canceller (GSC). We present a method for the construction of signal blocking matrix required by the 2-D GSC. The resulting 2-D adaptive beamformer can provide almost the same performance as conventional 2-D adaptive beamformers based on a linearly constrained minimum variance (LCMV) criterion. The effectiveness of the proposed GSC is that the construction of the required signal blocking matrix requires only the computation of a few entries from analytical formulas. In comparison with conventional methods, the proposed technique gets rid of the computational complexity due to the eigendecomposition required for finding the 2-D signal blocking matrix. For dealing with the performance degradation due to coherent interference, we present a 2-D weighted spatial smoothing scheme to effectively alleviate the coherent jamming effect. Several simulation examples are provided for illustration and comparison.
Date of Publication: Sept. 2005