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Applications of the Signal Space Separation Method

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3 Author(s)
Taulu, S. ; Elekta Neuromag Oy, Helsinki, Finland ; Simola, J. ; Kajola, Matti

The reliability of biomagnetic measurements is traditionally challenged by external interference signals, movement artifacts, and comparison problems caused by different positions of the subjects or different sensor configurations. The Signal Space Separation method (SSS) idealizes magnetic multichannel signals by transforming them into device-independent idealized channels representing the measured data in uncorrelated form. The transformation has separate components for the biomagnetic and external interference signals, and thus, the biomagnetic signals can be reconstructed simply by leaving out the contribution of the external interference. The foundation of SSS is a basis spanning all multichannel signals of magnetic origin. It is based on Maxwell's equations and the geometry of the sensor array only, with the assumption that the sensors are located in a current free volume. SSS is demonstrated to provide suppression of external interference signals, standardization of different positions of the subject, standardization of different sensor configurations, compensation for distortions caused by movement of the subject (even a subject containing magnetic impurities), suppression of sporadic sensor artifacts, a tool for fine calibration of the device, extraction of biomagnetic DC fields, and an aid for realizing an active compensation system. Thus, SSS removes many limitations of traditional biomagnetic measurements.

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 9 )