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An adaptive hybrid beamformer is proposed to improve the reception performance of the advanced television system committee (ATSC) digital television (DTV) in a mobile environment. Dynamic multipaths and Doppler shifts severely degrade the reception performance of the ATSC DTV receiver. Accordingly, a hybrid beamformer, called a Capon and least mean square (CLMS) beamformer, is presented that uses direction of arrival (DOA) information and the least mean square (LMS) beamforming algorithm. The proposed CLMS algorithm efficiently removes dynamic multipaths and compensates for the phase distortion caused by Doppler shifts in mobile receivers. When the CLMS beamformer has an insufficient degree of freedom (DOF), the subsequent use of an equalizer removes any residual multipath effects, thereby significantly improving the performance of DTV receivers. The performances of the proposed CLMS, Capon, and LMS beamformers are compared based on computer simulations. In addition, the overall performance of the CLMS beamformer followed by an equalizer is also considered.
Date of Publication: Sept. 2005