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Several previous works have shown that TCP exhibits poor performance in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). The ultimate reason for this is that MANETs behave in a significantly different way from traditional wired networks, like the Internet, for which TCP was originally designed. In this paper we propose a novel transport protocol - named TPA - specifically tailored to the characteristics of the MANET environment. It is based on a completely new congestion control mechanism, and designed in such a way to minimize the number of useless transmissions and, hence, power consumption. Furthermore, it is able to manage efficiently route changes and route failures. We evaluated the TPA protocol in a static scenario where TCP exhibits good performance. Simulation results show that, even in such a scenario, TPA significantly outperforms TCP.