Skip to Main Content
This paper describes the synthesis method of linear array geometry with minimum sidelobe level and null control using the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. The PSO algorithm is a newly discovered, high-performance evolutionary algorithm capable of solving general -dimensional, linear and nonlinear optimization problems. Compared to other evolutionary methods such as genetic algorithms and simulated annealing, the PSO algorithm is much easier to understand and implement and requires the least of mathematical preprocessing. The array geometry synthesis is first formulated as an optimization problem with the goal of sidelobe level (SLL) suppression and/or null placement in certain directions, and then solved by the PSO algorithm for the optimum element locations. Three design examples are presented that illustrate the use of the PSO algorithm, and the optimization goal in each example is easily achieved. The results of the PSO algorithm are validated by comparing with results obtained using the quadratic programming method (QPM).