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Design of a Resistively Loaded Vee Dipole for Ultrawide-Band Ground-Penetrating Radar Applications

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2 Author(s)
Kangwook Kim ; Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Georgia Inst. of Technol., Atlanta, GA, USA ; Scott, W.R.

A new resistively loaded vee dipole (RVD) is designed and implemented for ultrawide-band short-pulse ground-penetrating radar (GPR) applications. The new RVD is improved in terms of voltage standing wave ratio, gain, and front-to-back ratio while maintaining many advantages of the typical RVD, such as the ability to radiate a short-pulse into a small spot on the ground, a low radar cross section, applicability in an array, etc. The improvements are achieved by curving the arms and modifying the Wu–King loading profile. The curve and the loading profile are designed to decrease the reflection at the drive point of the antenna while increasing the forward gain. The new RVD is manufactured by printing the curved arms on a thin Kapton film and loading them with chip resistors, which approximate the continuous loading profile. The number of resistors is chosen such that the resonant frequency due to the resistor spacing occurs at a frequency higher than the operation bandwidth. The antenna and balun are made in a module by sandwiching them between two blocks of polystyrene foam, attaching a plastic support, and encasing the foam blocks in heat-sealable plastic. The antenna module is mechanically reliable without significant performance degradation. The use of the new RVD module in a GPR system is also demonstrated with an experiment.

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 8 )