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Regularized Linear Fuzzy Clustering and Probabilistic PCA Mixture Models

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2 Author(s)
K. Honda ; Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Intelligent Syst., Osaka Prefecture Univ., Japan ; H. Ichihashi

Fuzzy c -means (FCM)-type fuzzy clustering approaches are closely related to Gaussian mixture models (GMMs) and EM-like algorithms have been used in FCM clustering with regularized objective functions. Especially, FCM with regularization by Kullback–Leibler information (KLFCM) is a fuzzy counterpart of GMMs. In this paper, we propose to apply probabilistic principal component analysis (PCA) mixture models to linear clustering following a discussion on the relationship between local PCA and linear fuzzy clustering. Although the proposed method is a kind of the constrained model of KLFCM, the algorithm includes the fuzzy c -varieties (FCV) algorithm as a special case, and the algorithm can be regarded as a modified FCV algorithm with regularization by K–L information. Numerical experiments demonstrate that the proposed clustering algorithm is more flexible than the maximum likelihood approaches and is useful for capturing local substructures properly.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 4 )