By Topic

Small animal imaging by single photon emission using pinhole and coded aperture collimation

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

24 Author(s)

The design of detectors for radio-imaging of small animals is challenging because of the high spatial resolution required, possibly coupled with high efficiency to allow dynamic studies. Spatial resolution and sensitivity are difficult to attain at the same time with single photon imaging techniques because collimators define and limit performance. In this paper we first describe a simple desktop gamma imager equipped with a pinhole collimator and based on a pixellated NaI(Tl) scintillator array coupled to a Hamamatsu R2486 PSPMT. The limits of such a system as well as the way to overcome them in future systems is shown next. Better light sampling at the anode level would allow better pixel identification for a higher number of pixels, which is one of the parameters defining image quality and improving spatial resolution. The performance of such a design is compared with other designs using other PSPMT types with different light sampling schemes at the anode level. Finally, we show how the substitution of the pinhole collimator with a coded aperture collimator can result in a substantial improvement in system sensitivity while maintaining very good spatial resolution, possibly at a sub-millimeter level. Calculations and simulations of a particular solution show that sensitivity can improve by a factor of nearly 30.

Published in:

Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 3 )