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A novel approach for simulating the periodic steady state of ring oscillators with the harmonic-balance method is described. This approach is efficient and robust compared with traditional approaches. The key idea exploited is the structure of the ring oscillator, in which the properties of a single delay cell are used to simulate the response of the overall oscillator. The proposed method yields an algorithm that is computationally efficient and readily converges for a wide variety of single-ended and differential ring-oscillator circuits.
Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:24 , Issue: 8 )
Date of Publication: Aug. 2005