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A novel detector structure exhibiting real-estate efficient coupling of optical fibers to semiconductor devices is described. The integrated fiber-optic coupler employs vertical insertion of a tapered single-mode fiber into a laser-etched cylindrical hole in the substrate. It features a small surface footprint, mechanical stability, and accurate alignment. Fabricated in silicon, the p-n junction detectors have typically shown responsivities of 0.23 A/W at 0.63 µm, corresponding to a quantum efficiency of 45 percent, and dark currents below 1 nA.