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A complexity reduction technique for image vector quantization

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2 Author(s)
Chok-Ki Chan ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., City Polytech. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong ; Lai-Man Po

A technique for reducing the complexity of spatial-domain image vector quantization (VQ) is proposed. The conventional spatial domain distortion measure is replaced by a transform domain subspace distortion measure. Due to the energy compaction properties of image transforms, the dimensionality of the subspace distortion measure can be reduced drastically without significantly affecting the performance of the new quantizer. A modified LBG algorithm incorporating the new distortion measure is proposed. Unlike conventional transform domain VQ, the codevector dimension is not reduced and a better image quality is guaranteed. The performance and design considerations of a real-time image encoder using the techniques are investigated. Compared with spatial domain a speed up in both codebook design time and search time is obtained for mean residual VQ, and the size of fast RAM is reduced by a factor of four. Degradation of image quality is less than 0.4 dB in PSNR

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

Jul 1992

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