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Design and characteristics of a lightly doped drain (LDD) device fabricated with self-aligned titanium disilicide

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3 Author(s)
Fang-Shi J.Lai ; IBM General Product Division, San Jose, CA ; Sun, J.Y.-C. ; Dhong, S.H.

An As-P double-diffused lightly doped drain (LDD) device has been designed and fabricated with a self-aligned titanium disilicide process. The device design was aided by using an analytical one-dimensional model, and analytic results agree well with experimental data on the avalanche breakdown voltage gain and the ratio of substrate current to source current. Threshold voltage and subthreshold characteristics of this device do not deviate from those of a conventional device without LDD and silicide. The drain avalanche breakdown voltage of the LDD device is higher by 2.5 V over the conventional device. Transconductance degradation was observed for the LDD devices due to the inherently high source-drain series resistance of the LDD structure. Substrate current is reduced and hot-electron reliability is greatly improved. The titanium disilicide process effectively reduces the sheet resistances of the source-drain diffusion and the polysilicon gate to 3 Ω/sq compared with 150 Ω/sq of the unsilicided counterparts. It is also found that larger polysilicon grain size increases the sheet resistance of the silicide gate due to discontinuous titanium disilicide formation on top of polysilicon.

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Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 3 )