Skip to Main Content
A study of the operation of surface- and buried-mode p-channel FET's is conducted. The buried-channel devices are fabricated using n-type polysilicon gates while the surface-channel devices employ p-type polysilicon gates. Using devices with different channel lengths (20 to 0.4 µm), threshold voltage lowering, subthreshold characteristics, transconductance, punchthrough, and body effects are compared over a wide range of background doping concentrations. In the study surface-channel devices were found to be more resistant to short-channel effects than their buried-channel counterparts independent of background doping concentration. Two-dimensional computer simulation revealed that buried-channel devices are more subject to drain-induced barrier lowering and bulk punchthrough. The body effect for the surface-channel device is lower than its counterpart at low background doping concentrations whereas the buried-channel device has a lower body effect at high background doping levels. The effective carrier mobility of buried-channel devices was found greater than that of surface devices. The net difference in the transconductance, however, is offset by the high parasitic diffusion resistance.
Date of Publication: Mar 1985