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Towards control-relevant forecasting in supply chain management

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3 Author(s)
J. D. Schwartz ; Dept. of Chem. & Mater. Eng., Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ, USA ; D. E. Rivera ; K. G. Kempf

The focus of this paper is understanding the effects of demand forecast error on a tactical decision policy for a single node of a manufacturing supply chain. The demand forecast is treated as an external measured disturbance in a multi-degree-of-freedom feedback-feedforward internal model control (IMC) based inventory control system. Because forecast error will be multifrequency in nature, the effect of error in different frequency regimes is examined. A mathematical framework for evaluating the effect of forecast revisions in an IMC controller is developed. A simultaneous perturbation stochastic approximation (SPSA) optimization algorithm is implemented to develop an optimal tuning strategy under these conditions. For the IMC-based inventory controller presented it is concluded that the most desirable performance may be obtained by acting cautiously (e.g. implementing small changes to factory starts) to initial forecasts and gradually becoming more aggressive on starts until the actual demand change is realized.

Published in:

Proceedings of the 2005, American Control Conference, 2005.

Date of Conference:

8-10 June 2005