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Robust joint audio-video talker localization in video conferencing using reliability information-II: Bayesian network fusion

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3 Author(s)
D. Lo ; Dept. of Syst. & Comput. Eng., Carleton Univ., Ottawa, Ont., Canada ; R. A. Goubran ; R. M. Dansereau

This paper builds on our August 2004 paper where data fusion is used to combine results from multiple audio and video localizers in order to locate a talker in video conferencing applications. The two studies differ in the type of data fusion engine used. The former study explored using a summing voter for data fusion, whereas this study employs a Bayesian network. The novelty of both papers is the use of reliability estimates to improve the overall localization performance and robustness. Reliability estimates, which are derived based on known physical properties of each individual localizer, were used to gauge the trustworthiness of the current localization results. These reliability estimates were introduced into the fusion engines to achieve better performance. Although the summing voter fusion engine used in improves the overall localization performance, it does not take into account the unique characteristics of each localizer. The Bayesian network allows the inclusion of these unique characteristics as part of the fusion process and therefore further improves the overall localization performance. When one or more localizers fails, the persistent erroneous data streams from the failed localizers can negatively affect a statistically based data fusion method, like the Bayesian network, resulting in poor localization accuracy . The study described in this paper explores the use of the reliability estimates to automatically stop the failed devices from contributing in the data fusion process, hence improving the overall robustness of the system. In this paper, we investigate the impact of 1) using a Bayesian network as the data fusion engine, 2) adding reliability estimates into the fusion engine, and 3) using reliability estimates to stop the failed localizers from contributing in the fusion process.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 4 )