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This paper presents real-time implementation and testing of a wavelet-packet-transform-based algorithm for power transformer protection. The proposed algorithm is implemented using a DS1102 digital signal processor board and tested on two different three-phase power transformers. Different magnetizing inrush, normal (through-fault) and internal fault currents are investigated for different loading conditions. The results show a complete independence from both the transformer parameters and current transformer saturation. In addition, the proposed algorithm has reduced computational burden, high speed, high accuracy, small required memory, and high reliability. In all cases of the investigated internal faults, the proposed algorithm is capable of identifying the fault and generating a trip signal in less than a quarter cycle based on a 60-Hz system.