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The cruel reality of today's world forces mankind to be alert and prepared for all kinds of terrorist threats, including exposure to radiation. There is a need for cost-effective alternatives to existing commercially available real-time gamma radiation dosimeters. In this paper, numerous oxides such as NiO, CeO2, TeO2, In2O3, SiO, MnO, etc., and their mixtures in different proportions were used as the basis for such a substitute. Thin- and thick-film devices were made in the form of resistors and capacitors, structures with interdigitated electrodes, and pn-junctions. These, in different mixtures, were found to change their sensitivity when exposed to γ-rays. In general, thin-film devices were found to be more sensitive to lower doses of radiation than the counterpart thick films. However, it was experimentally demonstrated that it is possible to fabricate a device that would satisfy the requirement of a particular application, such as the sensitivity to γ-radiation exposure and working dose regions. Based on the above data, these structures might be regarded as a cost-effective alternative for room-temperature real-time γ-radiation dosimetry.
Date of Publication: Aug. 2005