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A dense stereo matching using two-pass dynamic programming with generalized ground control points

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4 Author(s)
Jae Chul Kim ; Electron. & Telecommun. Res. Inst., Daejon, South Korea ; Kyoung Mu Lee ; Byoung Tae Choi ; Sang Uk Lee

A method for solving dense stereo matching problem is presented in this paper. First, a new generalized ground control points (GGCPs) scheme is introduced, where one or more disparity candidates for the true disparity of each pixel are assigned by local matching using the oriented spatial filters. By allowing "all" pixels to have multiple candidates for their true disparities, GGCPs not only guarantee to provide a sufficient number of starting pixels needed for guiding the subsequent matching process, but also remarkably reduce the risk of false match, improving the previous GCP-based approaches where the number of the selected control points tends to be inversely proportional to the reliability. Second, by employing a two-pass dynamic programming technique that performs optimization both along and across the scanlines, we solve the typical inter-scanline inconsistency problem. Moreover, combined with the GGCPs, the stability and efficiency of the optimization are improved significantly. Experimental results for the standard data sets show that the proposed algorithm achieves comparable results to the state-of-the-arts with much less computational cost.

Published in:

2005 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR'05)  (Volume:2 )

Date of Conference:

20-25 June 2005