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A constant-gm rail-to-rail op amp input stage using dynamic current scaling technique

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4 Author(s)
Shouli Yan ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Texas Univ., Austin, TX, USA ; Jingyu Hu ; Tongyu Song ; E. Sanchez-Sinencio

We introduce an innovative constant-transconductance (gm) CMOS input stage. Rather than handling the tail currents of the input differential pairs, the proposed circuit scales the output signal currents of the input differential pairs dynamically for a constant gm while keeping the tail currents of the input transistors unchanged. The operation of the new circuit does not rely on the quadratic characteristic of the input MOS devices, and is independent of the operating regions of the input transistors. The new constant-gm scheme, which has potential for high-frequency applications, can be employed universally to both short and long channel transistors, and is suitable for new generations of deep submicrometer CMOS technologies. The technique is demonstrated through the design of a rail-to-rail CMOS op amp with supply voltage of 3 V in 0.35 μm CMOS technology. Simulations show that, when the input common-mode voltage swings from rail to rail, the op amp's input stage gm varies around ±1.5% and ±2.9%, respectively, for input transistors in the strong and weak inversion regions.

Published in:

2005 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems

Date of Conference:

23-26 May 2005