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Detection of cystic fibrosis related DNA targets using AC field focusing of magnetic labels and spin-valve sensors

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6 Author(s)

Over the past few years the concept of using magnetic field sensors for biological applications in particular, the development of magnetoresistive biochips and biosensors, has generated increasing interest from laboratories and companies. A spin-valve sensor based biochip was used to detect cystic fibrosis related DNA targets for the purpose of developing an affordable diagnostic chip and detection system. The strategy is based on the AC magnetic field focusing technique. This method consists of the attraction, concentration and manipulation of magnetically-labelled target DNA within on-chip u-shaped current line regions surface functionalized with a cystic fibrosis-related DNA probe. Cystic fibrosis related probes were immobilized on the oxide surface and 250 nm diameter non-remanent magnetic particles were functionalized with cystic fibrosis related DNA targets complementary or non-complementary to the immobilized probes. The hybridization of the target is detected using a u-shaped spin-valve sensor fabricated within the line structure. The proximity of probe and target at the spin-valve sensor surface promotes the hybridization of complementary DNA strands. In this way, hybridization occurs in relatively short times, (5-25 minutes), in comparison with conventional hybridization approaches (3 to 12 hours), as limited by diffusion of the target DNA in solution. Magnetic labels bound to the sensor surface through the hybridization of complementary DNA strands have a magnetic stray field that changes the resistance of sensors enabling detection of the hybridization in real-time. Results show a discernable difference in sensor response after washing when using complementary or non-complementary DNA targets. The use of complementary target DNA resulted in distinct hybridization signals and the binding of the particles in the sensor area was verified by visual inspection. In addition, it was observed that hybridization signals decreased slightly after the more stringent wash indicating that non-specifically or weakly bound labels were washed away. The use of non-complementary target DNA resulted in negligible sensor response after washing and no particles were observed in the sensor area.

Published in:

Magnetics Conference, 2005. INTERMAG Asia 2005. Digests of the IEEE International

Date of Conference:

4-8 April 2005