Skip to Main Content
The feasibility of microwave breast cancer detection with a time-reversal (TR) algorithm is examined. This algorithm is based on the finite-difference time-domain method, and compensates for the wave decay and, therefore, is suitable for lossy media. In this paper, we consider a two-dimensional breast model based on magnetic resonance imaging data, and examine the focusing abilities of a TR mirror comprised of an array of receivers with a single ultra-wideband pulse excitation. In order to resolve small 3-mm-diameter tumors, a very short duration pulse is necessary, and this requirement may restrict the applicability of the system due to hardware limitations. We propose a way to overcome this obstacle based on the observation that the amplitude and phase information of the tumor response is sufficient to achieve focusing. The robustness of the TR algorithm with respect to breast inhomogeneities is demonstrated, and the good performance of the method suggests it is a promising technique for microwave breast cancer detection.
Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:53 , Issue: 7 )
Date of Publication: July 2005