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Microwave tomography is an imaging modality based on differentiation of dielectric properties of an object. The dielectric properties of biological tissues and its functional changes have high medical significance. Biomedical applications of microwave tomography are a very complicated and challenging problem, from both technical and image reconstruction point-of-views. The high contrast in tissue dielectric properties presenting significant advantage for diagnostic purposes possesses a very challenging problem from an image-reconstruction prospective. Different imaging approaches have been developed to attack the problem, such as two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D), minimization, and iteration schemes. The goal of this research is to study imaging performance of the Newton and the multiplicative regularized contrast source inversion (MR-CSI) methods in 2-D geometry and gradient and MR-CSI methods in 3-D geometry using high-contrast, medium-size phantoms, and biological objects. Experiments were conducted on phantoms and excised segment of a pig hind-leg using a 3-D microwave-tomographic system operating at frequencies of 0.9 and 2.05 GHz. Both objects being of medium size (10-15 cm) possess high dielectric contrasts. Reconstructed images were obtained using all imaging approaches. Different approaches are evaluated and discussed based on its performance and quality of reconstructed images.