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Fabrication and characterization of photonic crystal-based symmetric Mach-Zehnder (PC-SMZ) structures based on GaAs membrane slab waveguides

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9 Author(s)
Y. Sugimoto ; Femtosecond Technol. Res. Assoc., Tsukuba, Japan ; Y. Tanaka ; N. Ikeda ; H. Nakamura
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We have experimentally demonstrated two- dimensional (2-D) photonic crystal (PC) waveguides (WGs) such as straight, bent, Y-branch, directional coupler (DC), and quantum dots (QDs)-based nonlinear optical (NLO) WGs using a GaAs air-bridge membrane with triangular-lattice line-defect WGs. These WGs are necessary for a 2-D PC-based symmetric Mach-Zehnder (PC-SMZ) type ultrafast all-optical switch. Experimental results on the clear observation of the optical interference at the Y-junction DC, nonlinearity-induced phase shift at the NLO waveguide, and transmission spectra in the total PC-SMZ WG configuration will be addressed, as well as measured results on each WG element.

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IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 7 )