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A high-performance short-channel bottom-contact OTFT and its application to AM-TN-LCD

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7 Author(s)
Nomoto, K. ; Fusion Domain Lab., Sony Corp. Mater. Labs., Tokyo, Japan ; Hirai, N. ; Yoneya, N. ; Kawashima, N.
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We have demonstrated an organic thin-film-transistor (OTFT)-driven active-matrix twisted-nematic liquid crystal display (AM-TN-LCD) on a glass substrate, with a resolution of 160×120 pixels, 79 ppi. Substrate temperature was kept below the plastic-compatible temperature of 180°C throughout the fabrication process. In order to realize an OTFT-driven display with fine resolution, we employed short-channel bottom-contact (BC) pentacene OTFTs. It has been known that their drivability is limited by contact resistance at source/drain (S/D). We found that the S/D contact resistance was markedly reduced when the thickness of the nonohmic Ti adhesion layer for ohmic Au S/D electrodes was reduced less than ∼3 nm. We elucidate that this 3 nm corresponds to the thickness of the accumulating layer in a pentacene channel. When we use a self-assembled monolayer of mercapto-silane-coupling agent as the adhesion layer, the contact resistance becomes negligibly small and BC OTFTs scalable below 10 μm were obtained. In addition to this OTFT-cell technology, we developed a low-damage pentacene patterning technique for integration of OTFTs and introduced low-temperature panel assembly process to suppress thermal-stress degradation of pentacene OTFTs, which are the key technologies to achieve OTFT-driven AM-TN-LCD.

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Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 7 )