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Lightning is a significant cause of faults and outages in many electric power systems and is one of the major causes of poor system reliability. Predictive assessment of distribution reliability indices can be used to identify areas that have poor reliability so that appropriate changes in system design can be implemented. The assessment of distribution system performance under lightning conditions requires modeling of storm characteristics and system response. In this paper, a Monte Carlo simulation for evaluating distribution system reliability under lightning storm conditions is presented. The results from a practical distribution system show the importance of detailed modeling of storm characteristics and simulation of the system response in assessing distribution system reliability during lightning storms.