Skip to Main Content
Inertial Navigation Systems have found universal application both militarily and commercially. They are self-contained, nonradiating, nonjammable, and sufficiently accurate to meet the requirements of users in a most satisfactory manner. An overview of inertial navigation is provided, followed by several sections detailing a specific, but different mechanization approach. A Ring Laser Gyro (RLG) based navigation system design is reviewed with special emphasis directed at requirements for navigation accuracy and alignment time. Along with discussions of the RLG unit, an introduction to a novel accelerometer approach, the Vibration Beam Accelerometer (VBA), is provided. A gimballed, self-contained High Accuracy Inertial Navigation System, denoted HAINS, represents one approach toward achieving navigation capability of 0.2 nmi / h and an rms velocity of 1.5 ft / s per axis while retaining the form and fit and affordability of standard inertial tactical flight navigators. The Stellar-Inertial Navigation section illustrates the bounding of position and verticality errors thus achieving exceptional accuracies. Two gyroscopic approaches, presently in development are finally discussed. The Fiber Optic Gyroscope (FOG) and Magnetic Resonance Gyroscopes (MRG's) are of interest for navigation because of their potential for low cost and excellent reliability.