By Topic

Some physical constraints on the use of "Carrier-free" waveforms in radio-wave transmission systems

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
J. R. Davis ; Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC ; D. J. Baker ; J. P. Shelton ; W. S. Ament

Are there practical applications in radio-wave transmission of inherently broad-band "carrier-free" waveforms such as Walsh functions? We demonstrate in this paper that the band-limiting constraints of radiating systems limit mission of the low-frequency spectral components of such waveforms and severely restrict the radiation directivity that may be achieved in systems that employ them. We also find that dispersion in the propagating medium poses difficulties for the use of such waveforms, and we present an example that illustrates their impracticality in a case in which medium-related limits on coherence bandwidth are of concern. Considerations of capital cost, reliability, and maintenance militate against the use of these waveforms and in favor of conventional spread-spectrum modulation schemes where such service is required. Troublesome aspects of engineering analysis methods for systems employing such modulation schemes are also exposed, as are some practical and economic difficulties to be expected if they are to be introduced as co-users of the electromagnetic spectrum with conventional radio systems.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:67 ,  Issue: 6 )