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Two- and three-photon absorption based optical limiting and stabilization using a liquid dye

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4 Author(s)
G. S. He ; Inst. for Lasers, State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA ; Qingdong Zheng ; Changgui Lu ; P. N. Prasad

It is experimentally shown that both two- and three-photon absorption in a high-molar-concentration chromophore system can be more efficiently utilized to accomplish optical power limiting and stabilization at laser wavelengths of 1.064 and ∼1.3 μm, respectively. The nonlinear absorbing medium is a novel liquid dye system, trans-4-[4-(dihexylamino)styryl]-N-(2-{2-[2-(2-hydroxy-ethoxy) -ethoxy]-ethoxy}ethyl)-pyridini um p-tosylate (abbreviated as ASEPT), consisting of chromophore molecules capable of multiphoton absorption in the near IR range. The nonlinear transmission property and output/input characteristics have been studied based on this liquid dye system, using nanoseconds 1.064-μm laser pulses for two-photon excitation and ∼1.3-μm subpicoseconds laser pulses for three-photon excitation. A fairly good optical stabilization capability of this new material has been demonstrated at both laser wavelengths. The relative intensity fluctuation of the laser pulses can be remarkably reduced by simply passing through this multiphoton absorbing medium.

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IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 7 )